Information about Tawnaleen

Information from O'Donovan's Field Name Books

Standard Name:
Irish Form of Name:
Tamhan a' lín
field of the flax
Civil Parish:
Other Forms of the Name with authority source (if provided) in italics:
Tamhan a' lín
Townalee By. Surveyors Sketch Map
Tavnalee Co. Cess Collector
Taunalee Leases 1837
Thaunalee Local
Taunalleen Map of Property 1760
Taunaleen Map of Property 1815
Thavnalee Mearsman
Tanalee Rev. Michl. Heraty, P.P.
Tounalee Tithe Ledger
Proprietor Provost Trinity College, Dublin. Agent Allexander Nesbitt, Esq., Junior, No. 96 Stephen’s Green South,Dublin. Rent £60. 0s. 0d. per year. Held under lease. Soil all mountain, some steep heathy pasture and part mixed and coarse pasture and arable mountain. Co. Cess 11 ¼ d. paid for each of 41 acres half yearly. Crops of oats and potatoes, middling. No antiquities.
In the North side of the parish. Bounded on the North by the Ph. of Aughagower, Co. Mayo: on the West by the t.l.of Shranahaa: South by Gowlaun: and on the East by Shanafarraghaun. In the Barony of Ross and County of Galway.

Information From Joyce's Place Names

Translation according to P. W. Joyce:
Tawin in Galway; Tamhan, a block, stump or tree-trunk. Like Cap, Cappa [reproduced below].
Cap, Irish Ceap, a stake, stock, or tree-trunk. Sometimes it is shortened from Cappa or Ceapach, an enclosed tillage-plot. See vol. i. p. 228, and vol. ii. p. 353 [reproduced below]. Ceapach [cappagh] signifies a plot of land laid out for tillage; it is still a living word in Connaught, and is in common use in the formation of names, but it does not occur in Ulster so frequently as in the other provinces. Cappagh and Cappa are the most usual anglicised forms; and these either alone or in combination, give names to numerous places. It has been often asserted, and seems generally believed, that Cappoquin (county Waterford) means "The head of the house of Conn"; but this is a mere guess; the name is a plain Irish compound, Ceapach-Chuinn, signifying merely Conn's plot of land, but no one can tell who this Conn was. Cappaghwhite in Tipperary is called after the family of White; Cappaghereen near Dunboyne, in Meath, withered plot; Cappanageeragh near Geashill in King's County, the plot of the sheep; Cappateemore in Clare, near Limerick city, is in Irish Ceapach-a'-tighe-mhoir, the plot of the great house; Cappanalarabaun in Galway, the plot of the white mare; Cappaghmore and Cappamore, great tillage plot. The word is sometimes made Cappy, which is the name of a townland in Fermanagh; Cappydonnell in King's County, Donnell's plot; and the diminutive Cappog or Cappoge (little plot), is the name of several places in Ulster, Leinster, and Munster. Stump or stake. The word smut, and its diminutive smután are used to denote a log, a stake, a stump of a tree. This is a pretty common element in names; and I suppose it was applied to places where some of the branchless stumps of an old wood, os some one remarkable trunk, still remained standing. Something like this last must have been the case in Smuttanagh near Balla in Mayo, which is called in Hy Fiachrach, Baile-an-smotáin the town of the stock or trunk; but the modern form, Smuttanagh, means a place full of trunks. The word appears in its simple form in Clashnasmut a little north of Carrick-on-Suir, the clash or trench of the trunks. But the diminutive is more common. There is a townland in Mayo, and another in Tipperary, called Gortnasmuttaun, the field of the stakes. Ballysmuttan (town of the tree-trunks) is a well-known place on the river Liffey, near Blessington; Toorsmuttaun in Galway (tuar, a bleachfield); Coolasmuutane near Charleville in Cork, and Lissasmuttaun near Portlaw in Waterford, the angle (cuil) and the lis or fort, of the trunk. Another word for a tree-stock, stake, or block, is ceap [cap], which is often used and applied in much the same sense as smut: cognate with Lat. Cippus, a sharp stake, and with Welsh cyff, a trunk. It generally appears in the anglicised form kip, which represents the genitive cip. In 1573, a battle was fought between two parties of the O'Briens of Thomond, at a place which the Four Masters call Bel-an-chip, the (ford-) mouth of the tree-trunk; the name is now Knockakip, which is applied to a hill on the sea-shore near Lahinch in the county Clare. There was an old ford over the Shannon, near Carrick-on-Shannon, which is mentioned several times in the annals, by the name of Ath-an-chip, a name having the same meaning as Bel-an-chip. It is probable that a large trunk of a tree stood near each of these fords, and served as a mark to direct travellers to the exact crossing. What gave name to Kippure mountain, from the slopes of which the rivers Liffey and Dodder run down to the Dublin plain, it is now hard to say with certainty; but probably it was so called from the remains of some large old yew, for the name exactly represents Cip-iubhair, the trunk of the yew-tree. Coolkip near Holycross in Tipperary, and Coolakip in Wexford, both mean the corner of the trunk. The c is often changed to g by eclipse, and then the word becomes gap in anglicised names. Gortnagap is the name of a townland near Tullaroan in Kilkenny; and there is another called Askanagap in the parish of Moyne in Wicklow - the former meaning the field (gort) and the latter the wet land (easga) of the trunks. Kippeen (cipín, little stick), one of the diminutives of this word, is well-known by all people having any knowledge of Ireland, as a popular term for shillelagh or cudgel; it gives name (though not exactly in this sense) to Kippin in Westmeath; also to Kippinduff in the same county, and Kippeenduff (black little trunk) near the village of Clara in King's County. With the termination ach (p. 3) we have Kippagh, the name of several townlands in Cork, a place full of stocks or tree stumps.

Information From Griffith's Valution

Area in Acres, Roods and Perches:
1399 0 33
Land value at the time in pounds, shillings and pence:
44 15 4
Building value at the time in pounds, shillings and pence:
0 0 0
Total value at the time in pounds, shillings and pence:
44 15 4
Heads of housholds living in the townland at this time:

Townland Information

What is a townland?:
A townland is one of the smallest land divisions in Ireland. They range in size from a few acres to thousands of acres. Many are Gaelic in origin, but some came into existence after the Norman invasion of 1169
Tawnaleen is a townland.

Information From Maps

Original OS map of this area.
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Ireland was first mapped in the 1840s. These original maps are available online.
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Original OS maps at the Ordnance Survey of Ireland website.
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This link is not a link to the townland that you are currently researching; however, if you follow this link, you will see a search box near the top of the page which you can use to search for your townland.
Having followed this link, you will see several expandable links - each link has a plus sign on its left - on the top left of the page. Expand 'Base Information and Mapping'. Now it is possible to select the maps that you wish to view by clicking on the checkbox that is on the left of each map; this list includes the original Ordnance Survey maps.
You can select more than one map and you can use a slider to make one map more transparent than another. This allows you to view what features were present or absent at different points in time.
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Information from the Down Survey Website.
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The Down Survey website will tell you who owned this townland in 1641 (pre Cromwell) and in 1671 (post Cromwell).
Down Survey Website
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Information from Google Maps.
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You can use this link to find this townland on Google Maps.
Google Maps
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Information from the National Monuments Service.
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You can use this link to view a map of archaelogical features.
This link brings you to a website wherein you will have to search for your townland.
Archaeological map from the National Monuments Service

Neighbouring Townlands

List of townlands that share a border with this townland:
This is a list of townlands that share a border with this townland.

Population and Census Information

People who lived here:
You can retrieve a list of people who lived in this townland from 1827 to 1911. This list is compiled from the following resources.
  • The Tithe Applotment Books
  • Griffith's Valuation
  • 1901 Census
  • 1911 Census
List of nineteenth century and early twentieth century inhabitants of this townland.
Church records of births, deaths and marriages:
Church records of births, deaths and marriages are available online at To search these records you will need to know the 'church parish' rather than the 'civil parish'. (The civil parish is the pre-reformation parish and was frequently used as a unit of administration in the past.)
Tawnaleen is in the civil parish of Ross Parish.
Roman Catholic parishes:
This civil parish corresponds with the following Roman Catholic parish or parishes.
  • Clonbur
  • Cong and Neale
Church of Ireland parishes:
This civil parish corresponds with the following Church of Ireland parish.
  • Ross
In general, the civil parish and the Church of Ireland parish are the same, but, this is not always the case.

Other Sources

Information from the Logainm database.
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